Types of Industrial Espionage | Bizfluent
Accessibility links It is being described as the worst cyber hack of the US government in despite this, companies are unwilling to discuss what has happened, as I was researching my book on computers and espionage, I found that out the kind of corporate espionage that others undertake (in which. Industrial espionage is being catapulted to a position of great . denies that it engages in industrial espionage or computer hacking, this view is. I. The Strategic Threat of Cyber Economic Espionage • 4. II. Foreign Technology Companies With Links to Host Governments • 14 For the purpose of this report, key terms were defined according to definitions . China, were charged with computer hacking, theft of trade secrets, conspiracy, and identity.
Or it could include sequestration of proprietary or operational information, such as that on customer datasets, pricing, sales, marketing, research and development, policies, prospective bids, planning or marketing strategies or the changing compositions and locations of production. As well as orchestrating espionage on commercial organizations, governments can also be targets — for example, to determine the terms of a tender for a government contract so that another tenderer Target industries[ edit ] During testing, automakers commonly disguise upcoming car models with camouflage paint patterns designed to obfuscate the vehicle's lines.
Padded covers, or deceptive decals are also often used. This is also to prevent Motoring Media-outlets from spoiling the model's big reveal. Economic and industrial espionage is most commonly associated with technology-heavy industries, including computer software and hardware, biotechnologyaerospacetelecommunicationstransportation and engine technology, automobilesmachine toolsenergymaterials and coatings and so on.
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- Types of Industrial Espionage
- Three Types of Industrial Espionage
Silicon Valley is known to be one of the world's most targeted areas for espionage, though any industry with information of use to competitors may be a target. Although a lot of information-gathering is accomplished legally through competitive intelligence, at times corporations feel the best way to get information is to take it. In recent years, economic or industrial espionage has taken on an expanded definition. For instance, attempts to sabotage a corporation may be considered industrial espionage; in this sense, the term takes on the wider connotations of its parent word.
That espionage and sabotage corporate or otherwise have become more clearly associated with each other is also demonstrated by a number of profiling studies, some government, some corporate. The United States government currently has a polygraph examination entitled the "Test of Espionage and Sabotage" TEScontributing to the increasingly popular, though not consensus, notion, by those studying espionage and sabotage countermeasures, of the interrelationship between the two.
Agents and the process of collection[ edit ] Economic or industrial espionage commonly occurs in one of two ways. Firstly, a dissatisfied employee appropriates information to advance interests or to damage the company. Secondly, a competitor or foreign government seeks information to advance its own technological or financial interest.
A patsy may be initially asked to hand over inconsequential information and, once compromised by committing a crime, bribed into handing over more sensitive material.
Outsourced industrial producers may ask for information outside the agreed-upon contract. Use of computers and the Internet[ edit ] Personal computers[ edit ] Computers have become key in exercising industrial espionage due to the enormous amount of information they contain and its ease of being copied and transmitted.
The use of computers for espionage increased rapidly in the s.
Three Types of Industrial Espionage
Information has been commonly stolen by being copied from unattended computers in offices, those gaining unsupervised access doing so through subsidiary jobs, such as cleaners or repairmen. Laptops were, and still are, a prime target, with those traveling abroad on business being warned not to leave them for any period of time.
Perpetrators of espionage have been known to find many ways of conning unsuspecting individuals into parting, often only temporarily, from their possessions, enabling others to access and steal information. All of this, it is feared, is now in the hands of a foreign power, which could use it to blackmail and extort officials and, ultimately, get hold of classified information.
The finger has been pointed at China which has denied any role. But it is little wonder that cyber-spying was top of the agenda when President Obama sat down with Chinese officials in Washington this week.
But it is not just America that has been hit. Getty Images The first detected breach of British government systems came inwhen an email purportedly from a Tibetan group was opened in the Foreign Office. Hidden in a picture was a virus which allowed the hackers to get inside the network. In the following years, evidence that Britain was the target of a growing cyber espionage campaign increased.
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It also became clear that not just government, but also businesses were being targeted for their valuable secrets. Inthe then-head of MI5, Jonathan Evans, issued a warning about the scale of cyber espionage. It was a statement designed to shock — and it received extensive media coverage. But the victim was not identified.
For the first time, the name of the company being referred to can now be revealed. A number of sources say that it was the mining giant Rio Tinto. The company itself will not comment but the extractive industries have been a major target for Chinese spies as China has a vast appetite for raw materials to fuel its growth — including iron ore for the steel to build its skyscrapers, cars and for use in its factories.
InRio Tinto was engaged in negotiations which involved fixing iron ore prices with China over long periods for vast sums of money. While this creates convenience, any Internet connection is susceptible to a hacker attack.
Additionally, a company may use a combination of social engineering and hacking to get an employee planted into a rival company. Companies generate huge amounts of paperwork, much of which may contain private information like passwords, Social Security numbers, internal memos or payroll data.
If a company neglects to shred this paperwork and throws it out into a dumpster, it is possible for an employee of a rival company to simply jump into the dumpster and steal the paperwork.
Penalties for Industrial Espionage The U. Congress passed the Economic Espionage Act in to target industrial espionage and other illegal activities. Immediate loss of job.