Nasopharyngeal Cancer - Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders - Merck Manuals Consumer Version
The area where the nose and throat meet is called the nasopharynx. If you have cancer here, it's called nasopharyngeal cancer. It is different from nasal and. BUT I feel congested or swollen in the back of my nasal passage where it meets my throat. It didn't appear extra red or does it "look like" strep. Sinusitis is the acute or chronic inflammation of the nasal sinus lining, usually Sinusitis is usually caused by infection, although swelling from allergies can mimic In recurrent and chronic cases a referral to a specialist ear nose and throat.How to naturally unblock your sinuses in 3 easy steps!
In order to make an accurate diagnosis the doctor will take a full medical history including an assessment of the nature and duration of symptoms. They will also perform a physical examination including looking in the ears, throat and nose.
In recurrent and chronic cases a referral to a specialist ear nose and throat surgeon otolaryngologist may be required, as more extensive diagnostic procedures may be necessary.
Examination of the nasal cavity and sinus openings with an endoscope a small, thin telescope which enables the structures to be viewed through the telescope or on a television monitor. Treatment Treatment aims to relieve symptoms and restore the normal flow of air and mucous through the sinuses.
Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infection. A 7 to 10 day course of medication is usually prescribed. Longer courses may be needed for cases of recurrent or chronic sinusitis.
Decongestants relieve nasal congestion by drying up the mucous. These can be in the form of nasal drops or sprays, or can be taken in tablet form.
Care must be taken as decongestants can excessively dry the nasal mucous membranes, which leads to further swelling and congestion. It is important to clearly follow the medication instructions when using nasal decongestants. Treatments for ethmoid sinusitis can require a varied approach that ranges from at-home treatments to surgery in the most severe circumstances.
Over-the-counter treatments Over-the-counter pain relievers can help ease ethmoid sinusitis discomfort.
Examples include acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and aspirin. Steroid nasal sprayssuch as fluticasone Flonaseare also short-term solutions for a runny nose. Antihistamines can thicken mucus in the nose, making it harder to drain.
Home remedies Some at-home remedies can also help ease sinus pain and pressure. These include applying warm compresses to your face. Inhaling steam in your shower at home can help. You can also boil water in a pan or pot and put a towel over your head as you lean forward to inhale the steam. Just be careful not to get too close to the pan to avoid steam burns.
Elevating your head with a pillow wedge when you sleep can also encourage proper nasal drainage. Sinuses reduce the weight of the facial bones and skull while maintaining bone strength and shape. The air-filled spaces of the nose and sinuses also add resonance to the voice.
About nasal and paranasal sinus cancer | Cancer Research UK
The supporting structure of the upper part of the external nose consists of bone, and the lower part consists of cartilage.
Inside the nose is the nasal cavity, which is divided into two passages by the nasal septum. The nasal septum is composed of both bone and cartilage and extends from the nostrils to the back of the nose. Bones called nasal conchae project into the nasal cavity, forming a series of folds turbinates. These turbinates greatly increase the surface area of the nasal cavity, thereby allowing a more effective exchange of heat and moisture. Polyps may develop between the turbinates, often in people with asthma, allergies, or cystic fibrosis and in those using aspirin for long periods.
Lining the nasal cavity is a mucous membrane rich with blood vessels. The increased surface area and the many blood vessels enable the nose to warm and humidify incoming air quickly. Cells in the mucous membrane produce mucus and have tiny hairlike projections cilia.