Sports day - Wikipedia
Sport (British English) or sports (American English) includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve The word "sport" comes from the Old French desport meaning "leisure", with the oldest definition in English from around From > papers identified in the initial search, 24 papers met all inclusion criteria. this type of research typically aims to understand the meaning of individual Data were extracted using a review schema developed by the research team. Sport (or sports) is all forms of usually competitive physical activity which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or the Olympic Games admitting only sports meeting this definition, and other organisations such as the .
At the World Championships Pistorius successfully made it to the metres semi-final round and won a silver medal as part of South Africa's 4x metres relay team. In Masters athletics it is far more common to make an accommodation for athletes with a disability.
Blind Ivy Granstrom set numerous Masters world records while being guided around the track. Venues[ edit ] Professional athletics almost exclusively takes place in one of three types of venue: Such venues ensure that events take place in a relatively standardised manner, as well as improving the safety of athletes and enjoyment for spectators.
At a more basic level, many forms of athletics demand very little in terms of venue requirements; almost any open space or area of field can provide a suitable venue for basic running, jumping and throwing competitions.
Track and field stadium[ edit ] A typical layout of an outdoor track and field stadium A standard outdoor track is in the shape of a stadium metres in length, and has at least eight lanes 1.
Older track facilities may have nonstandard track lengths, such as yards Historically, tracks were covered by a dirt running surface. Modern All-weather running tracks are covered by a synthetic weather-resistant running surface, which typically consists of rubber either black SBR or colored EPDM granulesbound by polyurethane or latex resins.
Older tracks may be cinder -covered. A standard indoor track is designed similarly to an outdoor track, but is only metres in length and has between four and eight lanes, each with width between 0.
Sport of athletics
However, because of space limitations, indoor tracks may have other nonstandard lengths, such as yard Because of space limitations, meetings held at indoor facilities do not hold many of athletics events typically contested outdoors.
Cross country courses[ edit ] A cross country race taking place at a snowy park in the United States. There is no standardised form of cross country course and each venue is significantly defined by the environment it contains — some may be relatively flat and featureless, while others may be more challenging with natural obstacles, tight turns, and undulating ground.
While a small number of purpose-built courses exist, the vast majority of cross country running courses are created by cordoning a specific area within any open natural land, typically a parkwoodland or greenspace near a settlement.
Sport - Wikipedia
Severe obstacles such as deep ditches, high barriers and thick undergrowth not normally present; the course should be able to be completed whilst remaining on foot throughout. In order to maintain the sport's distinction from road running, the usage of unnatural or macadamised surfaces is generally kept to a minimum or avoided entirely.
Road courses[ edit ] A typical road running course on the inner-city roads of Toronto The surface of road races is highly important and the IAAF dictate that the courses must be along man-made roads, bicycle paths or footpaths.Chris Heria TRANSFORMATION VIDEO 2012-2018 THENX 😱😱😱(Must SEE!!!)
Courses set along major roads of cities are typical of road running events, and traffic is usually cordoned off from the area during the competition.
While soft ground, such as grass, is generally avoided, races may start and finish on soft ground or within a track and field stadium.
In some sports, players can now challenge decisions made by officials. In Association footballgoal-line technology makes decisions on whether a ball has crossed the goal line or not. The final decision rests with the referee.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Main article: Politics and sports Sports and politics can influence each other greatly. Some feel this was an effective contribution to the eventual demolition of the policy of apartheid, others feel that it may have prolonged and reinforced its worst effects. Until recently the GAA continued to ban the playing of football and rugby union at Gaelic venues.
This ban, also known as Rule 42,  is still enforced, but was modified to allow football and rugby to be played in Croke Park while Lansdowne Road was redeveloped into Aviva Stadium. Nationalism is often evident in the pursuit of sport, or in its reporting: On occasion, such tensions can lead to violent confrontation among players or spectators within and beyond the sporting venue, as in the Football War.
These trends are seen by many as contrary to the fundamental ethos of sport being carried on for its own sake and for the enjoyment of its participants.
A very famous case when sport and politics collided was the Olympics in Munich. Masked men entered the hotel of the Israeli olympic team and killed many of their men. This was known as the Munich massacre.